This report focuses on eight major areas of discussion with the water-aid community: the status of clean water in rural African communities, inadequate technical expertise, community involvement & proper training, water system performance by type, the problem with hand pumps, solar powered water systems, community WASH training, and lack of measurement & evaluation. In writing this detailed report, we hope to shed light on the failures and successes of attempts to improve access to clean water in rural African communities.

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